Home /Blog Blog Details

Mitochondrial Replacement Therapy in IVF

Mitochondrial Replacement Therapy in IVF

Mitochondrial Replacement Therapy in IVF

Jun 19, 2024

 Illuminating Mitochondrial Replacement Therapy: A Beacon of Hope for Mitochondrial Diseases in IVF

Within the realm of assisted reproductive technologies, Mitochondrial Replacement Therapy (MRT) stands as a beacon of hope, particularly for couples confronting the formidable challenge of mitochondrial diseases during the journey of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF).

At the core of this innovation lies the mitochondria, often referred to as the cellular powerhouses. These microscopic organelles are pivotal in energy production through cellular respiration, ensuring the smooth functioning of various bodily processes. Beyond energy generation, mitochondria wield influence over cellular growth, metabolism, and even apoptosis, or programmed cell death.

Yet, the specter of mitochondrial diseases casts a shadow over these vital functions. Stemming from mutations within mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), these diseases can manifest in diverse ways, affecting organs and systems ranging from muscles to the nervous system. Since mitochondria are predominantly inherited from the maternal lineage, the burden of these diseases falls heavily on offspring.

Mitochondrial Replacement Therapy, often dubbed three-parent IVF, emerges as a transformative strategy to mitigate the impact of mitochondrial diseases. It entails the replacement of defective mitochondria with healthy counterparts obtained from a donor. The procedure involves transferring the nucleus from the intending parents' egg or embryo into a donor egg or embryo carrying robust mitochondria, thereby forming an embryo amalgamating nuclear DNA from the intending parents and mitochondrial DNA from the donor.

Central to the advancement of MRT are three principal techniques:

  1. Pronuclear Transfer: Simultaneously fertilizing the intending parents' egg and a donor egg, followed by the transfer of the pronuclei (sperm and egg nuclei) from the intending parents' egg into the donor egg.
  2. Spindle Transfer: Relocating the nucleus from the intending parents' egg into a donor egg devoid of its nucleus but enriched with healthy mitochondria, subsequently fertilizing this reconstructed egg with sperm.
  3. Polar Body Transfer: Transferring the nucleus from the intending mother's egg into a donor egg that has undergone meiosis and discarded one of its polar bodies, thereafter fertilizing this rejuvenated egg with sperm.

These meticulously crafted procedures offer a glimmer of hope for couples grappling with the specter of mitochondrial diseases, potentially heralding a new era in assisted reproductive technologies. However, rigorous research and ethical considerations remain paramount as we navigate the frontier of MRT, striving to illuminate the path toward healthier offspring and brighter tomorrows.

Schedule An Appointment

Get your Appointment Confirm with us Easily

Follow us on:


Get your Appointment Confirm with us Easily

Logo Empanelments
Logo Packages