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Genital Tuberculosis Treatment in Jalandhar

Genital Tuberculosis Treatment in Jalandhar

Genital Tuberculosis Treatment in Jalandhar

May 14, 2024

Genital tuberculosis (TB) is a form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis that affects the reproductive organs. Detecting genital tuberculosis can be challenging due to its subtle and nonspecific symptoms.: Genital tuberculosis occurs when Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacterium that causes tuberculosis, affects the reproductive organs.

The prevalence of genital tuberculosis can vary geographically and may be influenced by factors such as the prevalence of tuberculosis in the general population, socioeconomic conditions, and healthcare infrastructure. 

Genital tuberculosis can affect both men and women, and it may lead to various reproductive health issues. In women, it can cause conditions such as tubal factor infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease, and menstrual irregularities. In men, it may contribute to male infertility..

While genital tuberculosis is not as common as pulmonary tuberculosis, it is an important consideration in the context of reproductive health, and healthcare providers should be aware of its potential impact on fertility and overall health.

Due to the diverse and sometimes nonspecific symptoms associated with genital tuberculosis, it can be challenging to diagnose. Health professionals may use imaging studies, laboratory tests, and clinical evaluation to diagnose genital tuberculosis.


  1. Clinical Examination:
    • A thorough clinical examination by a healthcare professional can help identify symptoms such as pelvic pain, irregular menstrual cycles, or unusual vaginal discharge.
    • In men, symptoms may include scrotal pain and swelling.
  2. Medical History:
    • Detailed medical history, including any previous history of tuberculosis or exposure to TB, can provide valuable information.
  3. Mantoux Tuberculin Skin Test (TST):
    • TST, also known as the tuberculin skin test or PPD test, involves injecting a small amount of purified protein derivative (PPD) under the skin. A positive reaction may indicate exposure to tuberculosis, but it does not differentiate between active and latent infections.
  4. Interferon-Gamma Release Assays (IGRAs):
    • Blood tests like IGRAs, such as the QuantiFERON-TB Gold test or T-SPOT.TB test, can help detect the immune response to tuberculosis. These tests are more specific than the TST.
  5. Imaging Studies:
    • Radiological investigations, such as ultrasound or hysterosalpingography (HSG) for women and scrotal ultrasound for men, may reveal abnormalities in the reproductive organs.
  6. Endometrial Biopsy:
    • In women, an endometrial biopsy may be performed to examine the tissue lining the uterus for the presence of tuberculosis.
  7. Culture and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR):
    • Mycobacterial culture and PCR testing can help confirm the diagnosis by detecting the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in clinical samples.
  8. Histopathological Examination:
    • A histopathological examination of biopsy samples from affected tissues can provide evidence of tuberculosis infection.

It's important to note that the diagnosis of genital tuberculosis may require a combination of these methods, and the interpretation of results should be done by qualified healthcare professionals. Early detection and prompt treatment are crucial for managing genital tuberculosis and preventing complications. If you suspect genital tuberculosis, it's essential to consult a healthcare provider for a proper evaluation and diagnosis.



The test involves injecting a small amount of tuberculin, a substance derived from the TB bacteria, just beneath the skin on the forearm. After 48 to 72 hours, a healthcare professional checks the site for any raised, red bumps, known as a reaction.

A positive Mantoux test indicates that a person has been exposed to the bacteria that cause tuberculosis (TB), but it does not necessarily mean that active TB disease is present. Further evaluation, usually involving a chest X-ray and possibly other tests, is needed to determine whether active TB is present.

The Mantoux test measures the immune response to the TB bacteria, but it doesn't distinguish between latent TB infection (the bacteria are present but not causing illness) and active TB disease. Latent TB infection does not require immediate treatment, but it may progress to active TB over time, especially in individuals with weakened immune systems.

If a person has a positive Mantoux test and is deemed to have latent TB infection, treatment with medications like isoniazid or rifampicin may be recommended to prevent the development of active TB disease. The decision to treat latent TB infection is based on factors such as the person's age, overall health, and the risk of progression to active TB.


Plasma cells in Endometrial biopsy

The presence of plasma cells in an endometrial biopsy can be indicative of various conditions, although it is not a common finding in normal endometrial tissue. Plasma cells are a type of immune cell that produces antibodies, and their presence in the endometrium may suggest an inflammatory or immune response.

Some potential reasons for the presence of plasma cells in an endometrial biopsy include:

  1. Chronic Endometritis: This is an inflammation of the endometrial lining that can be caused by bacterial or other infections. Chronic endometritis may lead to an increased number of immune cells, including plasma cells, in the endometrial tissue.
  2. Autoimmune Disorders: Conditions such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or other autoimmune diseases can cause an immune response in various tissues, including the endometrium.
  3. Reproductive Tract Infections: Infections such as chlamydia or mycoplasma may cause an inflammatory response in the endometrium, leading to the presence of plasma cells.

It's important to note that the interpretation of an endometrial biopsy should be done by a qualified pathologist who can consider the patient's clinical history and symptoms. The presence of plasma cells alone may not provide a definitive diagnosis, and additional tests or investigations may be necessary to determine the underlying cause.

CBNAAT stands for Cartridge-Based Nucleic Acid Amplification Test. It is a molecular diagnostic technique used for the detection of infectious diseases, particularly tuberculosis (TB). CBNAAT is a rapid and automated testing method that combines nucleic acid amplification with real-time PCR (polymerase chain reaction) technology.

The test is designed to detect the genetic material of the causative agent, such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the case of TB. The cartridge-based system simplifies the testing process, and results can often be obtained within a few hours, making it useful for timely diagnosis and initiation of treatment.

CBNAAT is known for its high sensitivity and specificity, making it a valuable tool in the early and accurate detection of infectious diseases, especially in resource-limited settings where rapid diagnosis is crucial for effective disease management.

The detection and treatment of genital tuberculosis therefore needs complete clinical and ,histological evidence.



(M.D. (Obst & Gynae) Fertility Specialist.



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